The subject of this fan is an episode from the Ancient Greek myth of the Trojan War. Agamemnon has vowed to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia to appease Artemis, whose wrath he incurred by killing deer in a sacred grove. This fan illustrates the dramatic moment when the goddess takes pity on the girl and at the last moment substitutes the victim for a deer.
When folded, the fan resembles an arrow, the symbol of Artemis the hunter. The motif is echoed in the delicately carved ivory sticks. French designs in the early nineteenth century commonly included militaristic elements such as arrows or shields. These symbolized the power and glory of the French regime. The arrow could also reference Cupid and the art of love.
Rebekah Pollock is a design historian specializing in eighteenth-century print culture and European ceramics. She has a Masters in the History of Decorative Arts and Design from Parsons The New School for Design / Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, New York.