In the past forty years, the scale and the geographical distribution of production of the textile, clothing and footwear industries have changed dramatically. The per capita world fiber consumption is in constant growth and has increased evenly in developed and developing countries. It was 6.6 pounds in 1959, and has reached 24 pounds in 2011. In response, giants of the global apparel industry are in the race to meet this demand and to produce more new textile items every year. It is impossible to know the portion of garments that remains unsold or that is sent to landfills. This phenomenon of world fashion overconsumption is well described in Overdressed: The Shockingly High Cost of Cheap Fashion (2012) by journalist Elizabeth Cline. Clothing Poverty: The Hidden World of Fast Fashion and Second-hand Clothes (2015) written by Andrew Brooks, analyzes the functioning of the textile and garment industry and shows its consequences on a global level. Beyond this alarming diagnosis, in Fashion and Sustainability: Design for Change (2012), sustainable fashion researcher Kate Fletcher suggests a series of achievable alternatives to modify our relationship to clothes, implement holistic design processes, and mindfully produce garments in accordance with environment-friendly practices.
Huang, Nick. “Textile and Fashion Industry Facts” in Business Vibes, November 23, 2011. Accessed May 12, 2016. https://www.businessvibes.com/blog/textile-and-fashion-industry-facts
International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). World Apparel Fiber Consumption Survey. Washington, DC, July 2013.
Stotz, Lina Stotz, and Gillian Kane. Facts on The Global Garment Industry. Clean Clothes Campaign, 2015. Accessed on February 10, 2016. http://www.cleanclothes.org/resources/publications/factsheets/general-factsheet-garment-industry-february-2015.pdf/view
About the Author
Magali An Berthon is a textile researcher and designer, focusing in particular on world textile crafts and sustainable fashion. After an MFA in textile design in Paris, she studied textile history at the Fashion Institute of Technology NY on a Fulbright fellowship in 2014. Since June 2015, she is a curatorial fellow at the Textile Department at Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum.